Chovot Halevavot was written by Bachya ben Joseph ibn Paquda Not much is known about Ibn Paquda other than that he was a well-regarded. Bachya ben Yosef ibn Paquda (Chovot Halevavot): eleventh century sage and writer on Jewish thought (); his most acclaimed work is Chovat. My intention in this article is to neither promote nor denigrate Sufism. It is simply to share the fascinating story behind a book, Chovot haLevavot.

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Rav Yosef Rosen zt”l, known as the Rogotchover Gaon opposed this practice. Purim is the holiday for people who feel lost. On the other hand, it was not always as ‘golden’ utopic as it is often made out have been.

This is the paradox of Purim. Today we continued with Rabbeinu Bachya’s examination of the subject “the Love of God.

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According to Halachaa prayer may be recited silently as long as the lips move to articulate the words. The Midrash says that when Esther approached Achashveirosh’s throne-room she felt that the cause of the Jews was lost and recited the words from Tehilim: Twitter Updates follow me on Twitter.

There is no reciprocal act done by the recipient of charity other than saying thank-you. They dress in worn garments and raw wool. Philosophy in a Divided World, by Carlos Fraenkel.

Why are they singled out, as opposed for example, to the Egyptians who enslaved us? Rabbeinu Bachya says that this level of spiritual development can only be achieved by gradual progress. Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. It could have just as easily been said by the Baal Shem Tov of his generation two hundred and fifty years ago: However as long as matters are not at such a crisis point Hashem does not demand that we renounce the love of our families.

But it was out of this grim existence in the exile that the Jews grew closest to God. He has a need to kill not only Mordechai but all the Jews: In his radical view, the Torah was given in such a way as to be understood and useful to the masses and to the lowest common denominator of the Jewish people. AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. The exception to this state of affairs was the relationship between Yehoshafat and the family of Ahab.


At first, says Bahya, the seducer will cast into man’s heart doubt concerning immortality, to offer a welcome excuse for sensualism; and, should he fail, he will awaken doubt concerning God and divine worship or revelation.

** Chovos HaLevavos – Duties of the Heart **

Humility springs from a consideration of the low origin of man, the vicissitudes of life, and one’s own failings and shortcomings compared with the duties of man and the greatness of God; so that all pride even in regard to one’s merits is banished.

He needed total power, the fact that Mordechai would not bow down to him meant that he was incomplete. So who is the “Satan” of Iyov? On Purim we don’t give charity, because charity is what we give to strangers in need.

It was given the name Chovot Halevavot by the famed translator Judah ibn Tibbon. And we discussed the subject of Amalek. Nevertheless, it vastly more worthy to bring people closer to Hashem and the Torah than it is to perfect one’s soul.

Duties of the Heart Sunday 1: It is unlikely that the early Chassidim studied Sufi writings but they did study Chovot haLevavot which also included an anonymous version of this particular hadith. The chovlt th century authority, the Netziv [4] adopted a nuanced balevavot to the question.

When a person can achieve this level of closeness to God he will reach ecstatic joy. The Umayyad Caliphate CE. If a person can be seized in a moment by a feeling of love for God that feeling can leave him as rapidly as it came.

Without intending to give a compendium of metaphysics, Bahya furnishes in this first gate a system of religious philosophy that is not without merit. He explains that the goal of every member of the Talmud Torah was to find the truth in the service of Hashem. I think that there is an important lesson in this point. They detach themselves from the world in their hearts and minds, but join in with others externally to cultivate society by ploughing and sowing.


Chovos Halevavos/Duties of the Heart – free english translation

Views Read Edit View history. Likewise is it folly to put too much trust in wealth and in those who own great fortunes. It happened that this man spent the night alone in the desert. If one has time to read only one of the gates, I recommend chovit, the Gate of Trust in God. As is known, the torah way is to condense volumes of information in very few words, carefully crafting ambiguities to allow for different allusions and interpretations, as the Talmud Sanhedrin 34a expounds the verse “Is not My word like fire, and like a hammer that shatters a rock into pieces?

At that moment when they were about to be killed they rejoiced at the opportunity to show that their service of Hashem was true and not tainted by thoughts of this world. By this act they were saved.

He also completed degrees in physics and electrical engineering at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst and was a research associate in nuclear physics for some time before heading off to yeshiva. Yehoshafat was a great tzaddik.

Chovot HaLevavot – Wikidata

On the other hand the Netziv opposed a policy of Orthodox Jews seceding from the larger Jewish community. But Hamman is not an ordinary tyrant. As such, asceticism can only be the chvot of a few who stand forth as exemplars.

And just because the wisest of men learn in the end to chovlt only their inability to name God adequately, the appellation “God of the Fathers” will strike with peculiar force all people alike. Having friends who can support you when times are tough is the best defense against feeling abandoned which is the goal of Amalek.

All attempts to express in terms of praise all the qualities of God will necessarily fail.

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