Fouquieria splendens. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire. Fouquieria splendens. Plant Database Search. Ocotillo. This upright thorny shrub occurs from southern California east to west Texas and ranges south into. Fouquieria splendens Engelm. Go To Encyclopedia of Life Family: Fouquieriaceae Fouquieria splendens image. Max Licher. VPAP; Field Guide; Web Links.

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Ocotillo is not a true cactus. Flowers are clustered indeterminately at the tips of each mature stem.

Fouquieria is named fouqkieria Pierre Eloi Fouquier a French physician and naturalist; splendens means splendid. Please log in or create a free account. Search our database of Plants. It has blunt petiolar spines 1—4 cm long derived from original leaves of long shoots The leaf stalks harden into spines, and new leaves sprout splednens cluster from the base of the spine. Views Read Edit View history. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fouquieria splendens.

Log in or create an account to post a comment. The range of Fouquieria splendens slightly exceeds the limit of the Sonoran Desert throughout southern California and fouquieeria Arizona, Texas and Mexico Zacatecas and Hidalgo. The leaf stalks harden into blunt spines, and new leaves sprout from the base of the spine.

For propagating by seed: Leaves are shed whenever the conditions become arid.

The Plant Guide

Plants that prefer soils with above average moisture in their natural range, such as slope bottoms, canyon or ravine bottoms, north facing slopes or shaded soils with above average moisture retention. The first type of leaves is long spoon-shaped, up to 5 cm long, is produced only during the wet season.


Site Type Native to the Colorado Desert and slightly extending into the Mojave Desertit is found in very arid slopes, canyons, washes and alluvial fans in fast draining sandy, gravelly soil, often among boulders but also in pure sand.

Shrub to small tree; short trunk cm tall bearing numerous usually simple, erect, spiny branches m high Leaves: Individual stems may reach a diameter of cm at the base.

Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Fouquieria splendens group. Fouquieria splendens commonly known as ocotillo American Spanish: Blossoms soaked for a s;lendens drink, a blood purifier and tonic.

They can also be dipped in batter and fried. More From the Plant Guide. It branches profusely from the base in a typical candelabra shape and sheds its leaves and flowers during drought periods, but chlorophyll in the bark allows the photosynthesis also without leaves. Depending on the rains a plant may gain and lose its leaves six or more times a year.

Large specimens in the wild may be years old. It can be propagated from cuttings, but results are variable. Fouquieria splendens is an odd, slender, cactuslike, spiny shrub or small tree 2,5 to 6 m high with little branched or unbranched stems and differentiated short and long shoots.

Click on the squares for occurrence records.

It is the most widely distributed species of the genus. Common names include Ocotillo, Coachwhip, Jacob’s staff, and Vine Cactus, fouquisria it is not a true cactus. This data was interpolated to estimate average July-August-September precipitation for the latitude and longitude of each plant occurrence location provided by the Consortium of California Herbaria.

The plant needs moderate watering when growing in leaf but keep it dry when it’s dormant not in leaf. MasonMcDougall Common Name: The petiole of spoon-shaped leaves persist after the blades drop, becoming hard, conical spines. This data was interpolated to estimate average July-August-September precipitation for the latitude and longitude of each plant occurrence location provided by Consortium of California Herbaria.


You must be a registered user to access this feature. Ideal locations are sunny, open, unrestricted and those where surface water does not collect. Appearing within days after ground-soaking rains and turning yellow and dropping in spoendens to drought; blades fleshy, ovate, cm long. It occours to a large extent, if not exclusively, in soils which fouquiefia abundant of limestone, well aerated and possibly also relatively warm.

Back to Fouquieriaceae index. About Ocotillo Fouquieria splendens Ocotillo is a curious-looking and unique desert plant of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico.

Multiple, usually 6 to 30 occasionally up toupright or arching, thorny green in clusters from a common fouuqieria Individual stems are simple pole-like and only infrequently divide further, and specimens in cultivation may not exhibit any secondary branches.

Planting ocotillo can be done year-around with care.

The stamens are attached at the base of the corolla and there is just one pistil with a superior ovary. Ideal plants have been grown from stem cuttings and from seed. Hummingbird and carpenter bees Xylocarpa californica are the main pollinators. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotosWikimedia Commonsand independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Fouquiedia.

Fouquieria splendens, Ocotillo

Ocotillo with leaves outside Tucson Mountains after a rainfall event. Fouquieria splendens Photo by: Bark whitish to grey-green with dark furrows. This spendens was interpolated to estimate average annual precipitation for the latitude and longitude of each plant occurrence location provided by the Consortium of California Herbaria. Plants that prefer soils that are moist year round.

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