0 ReviewsWrite review ?id=dPDRAAAACAAJ. Heroj sa hiljadu lica. By Džozef Kembel. Heroj sa hiljadu lica. by: Joseph Campbell (author). Format: hardcover. ISBN: (). Publish date: Publisher: Stylos. Pages no: . Heroj sa hiljadu lica by Joseph Campbell, Christopher Vogler, James George Frazer, C.G. Jung, Mircea Eliade, Vladimir Propp, Robert Graves.
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Herein, we can also find similarities with mythologies of other peoples. As a transition from the divine to the historical, heroes between the miracle and the real appear, and they require helpers to overcome obstacles and complete difficult tasks.
Heroj sa hiljadu lica
Campbell probably relates many more myths in this book than is necessary to get his points across and that can possibly become tiresome to some readers before the book is concluded. In the Kojikithe oldest literary work of Japan, there is a plethora of motifs which could be found in lifa cultures of many peoples all over the world. The celestial sphere is represented by the Plain of High Heaven.
Vuk, SNP 85p. Thus in legendary stories and traditions, instead of the hero, metamorphoses are performed through supernatural agency, i. The pursued hero is the god Izanaki, and the pursuers are horrible chthonic demons. After that, the goddess Izanami herself takes up the pursuit.
In Serbian folktales either the hero steals the magic objects that transform or already has them with him. She has published a number of translations so far, among lics the latest is the translation of the Kojiki from the Old Japanese, in collaboration with colleagues from the Group of Japanese Language and Literature.
This chapter of the Japanese work is quite reminiscent of the myth of Orpheus chasing after Euridice in Hades, where he violates the taboo by looking back, thus losing her forever. Izanaki stalls them by throwing a vine wreath from his herj, which immediately grows into wild grapes which they eat. The central sphere is imagined as Middle Earth overgrown with reeds. On the other hand, the pursued hero transforms into objects hlijadu him unidentifiable, but along the same lines: Morfologija bajkep.
In a similar way, Izanami like Greek Gaea, the Babylonian Astarte and Egyptian Isis incorporates licca functions of fertility goddess and the chthonic mistress of the realm of the dead in her person. Disgusted by the sight, he runs away.
Both the vine wreath and the bamboo are plants with miraculous characteristics. That is the reason there are a multitude of similarities and common features between the oldest Japanese work and Serbian folk prose despite numerous differences caused by religious and social-historical circumstances.
Also, the god Izanaki is a hero who himself has supernatural powers and objects of miraculous properties, so he does not need a magic helper. The mechanical obstacles originate when the hero is running away, throwing the magic objects behind him, these in turn transform into certain elements that slow down the pursuit. Eight million in fact means a numberless host. In the myth of the descent of the god Izanaki, emphasis is laid on mysticism, as well as on the impurity and ugliness of that world and its demonic inhabitants.
In the tales that use the motif of two contending wizards, both the pursuer and the pursued resort to successive metamorphoses in order to outwit each other. What finally stops the goddess Izanami herself is a natural obstacle — Hira hill, as well as a large rock set by Izanaki.
Having given birth to the last in the hiljaud of gods — the god of fire, Izanami falls gravely ill and dies. This kind of plot structure is quite frequent in folktales, including Serbian ones.
However, she does promise him to talk to the god of night and asks him not to watch her. While the mythic hero inherently has magic powers at hiliadu disposal and possesses magic objects which transform into mechanical obstacles, the folktale hero has to receive such objects from a donor helper.
The stone is only an apparent mechanical obstacle, and it in fact stands for a partially permeable magic boundary. I, by no means, would rate this as an easy read. We can find progenitors among the gods in question — the demiurges, cultural heroes, and tricksters, who have an inherent capacity of alternatively creating and disorganizing.
She has published several studies and papers in scientific and professional journals, as well as the book The Sun and the Sword — Japanese Myths in the Kojiki, Belgrade, Rad, It is necessary to resort to certain magic actions in order to put a final stop to the chase.
Branislav Kovačević (Translator of Heroj sa hiljadu lica)
Such universal themes and motifs prove interesting for comparative and typological study, and are found in the cultures of people worldwide, which certainly had no contact with ancient Japan, in particular Serbian folk tradition. However, the first image of the Land of Night is more mystical, stress is laid on the impurity and hiljaadu of the world of the dead, with the image of a rotting corpse and the ghastly pursuers chasing the god Izanaki.
Just like the sword, the peach also possesses apotropaic properties, protects from unfavorable influences and is used for exorcism. He is first helped by Suseribime, hiladu offers him magic scarves, and then a magic helper — the mouse, thanks to whom the hero is saved from an apparently helpless situation.
However, all this magic is not sufficient to completely thwart the pursuit. Nevertheless, even the undead get there, the return to the world of the living has been granted to them just because they are living.
Besides, metamorphosis is occasionally the pivotal segment in traditions.