Tensho kata: Its origins are based on the point and circle principles of Kempo. It was heavily influenced by the late by Chojun Miyagi and was. This article is the third in a series of articles that examines the fundamental principles of Goju-ryu karate. The Tensho kata builds upon all of the concepts. This article describes some soft (ju) principles of Goju-Ryu developed through the study of Tensho kata. The origin of these principles is undoubtedly Chinese.
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From this grabbing position, both students roll theirs hands over at the wrist maintaining contact e. An analogy that is helpful in understanding this difference is to think of the destructive force associated with a whip: Tensho Kata h i Push-hands Figure 7: We repeat various movements of the hand like in nature, a bird flapping its wings.
Notice the synchronization of body and strike, reminiscent of the whip that lunges power at the opponent while supporting the strike with the appropriate structure. Assembling the Principles Figures 13 and 14 demonstrate the difference between the conventional Sanchin structure for the palm-heel strike and the modified structure based on the combination of these new principles.
As I have mentioned earlier, in daily life we are not conscious of breathing. Centering and Connectivity Figure 10 shows how this technique is combined with weight transitioning. Grabbing and Sticking Figure 6 1 shows the next sequence from the kata in which the right hand performs a knife hand block ais brought to the chambered position, and then used for a palm-heel strike c.
Tensho by Mas Oyama (video)
Taken alone, Tensho is deceptively simple and beautiful but beneath katx is hidden a wealth of martial treasure. Tensho kata certainly makes no exception! For example, each sequence in Figures 1 and 2 is used to load energy that can subsequently be used during an associated palm-heel strike. Soft practice should be combined with chi gung exercises to develop internal energy.
Goju-Ryu Kata – Tensho – Black Belt Wiki
One of the most subtle and beautiful movements in the style, Tensho is the internal kata of structure and movement and is typically taught as the first kata beyond black belt level.
He has studied karate for over 35 years and is the International Representative for the Okinawan Seibukai Association under its president Nakasone Kinei.
Of course, this does not count for all kata for instance Nipaipo — These principles are generally the focus of attention during the first three years of study and are the foundation on which rensho other aspects of karate are built. The desired outcome is an explosion of energy directed at a point on the body of the opponent. This position teaches students to use a hook tehsho at the wrist to grab and hold an opponent. One student then uses a palm-heel kats to attack which the other follows and maintains contact.
Otherwise, it is not strong and your arm and subsequently your hand would then work independently from your body, without its necessary support. This block redirects the opponent while energy is loaded c for the final palm-heel strike d.
Therefore, it is essential to study properly the breathing techniques and to KNOW why you do everything you do, step by step, detail by detail in a kata. Finally opening and closing provides explosive force at the point of impact. For example, if you can imagine how you would react if you have a car accident, when your car is struck from behind.
Two students begin in the onguard position with hands positioned so that a grab is formed at the wrist; the students touch by locking these hooks together d. All of the techniques in Tensho can be practiced in this manner, maintaining Sanchin structure.
Recall now the second segment from the kata, shown again for clarity in Figure 7 a-d. You notice in your mirror a car approaching at speed, getting closer and closer, you stop breathing to be ready for the shock of the collision. Once again the basic hook is used to grab and stick to the attacker.
The blow is extremely painful because of the tremendous kinetic energy built in the whip and transferred to a single point of impact. I hope you can find the information herein useful. Notice the use of weight transitioning correctly to position and support the movements throughout this sequence. To understand this internal principle, place the arm into the position shown in Figure 3 a with a partner on the left supporting the arm.
Attention to temp in this manner ensures that techniques can be performed with the same proficiency on both sides of the body.
Tensho (kata) – Wikipedia
An initial punch from the attacker is immediately blocked with an open -hand block a. Thus in Figure 1, the entire sequence from a up to and including e is used to inhale, and only the strike in f is associated with exhalation.
The Chinese version of six functions of the hands is practiced with very little breathing and the movements are performed quickly, but the Japanese version, the movements are the opposite, deep breathing with slower movements. This is usually practised by Shorin styles, but some Goju schools have adopted this, seeing this as a missing crane form from Naha Te that follows the Buddhist numerological sequence 3, 6, 18, 36, 54or SanchinRokkishuSepaiSanseiruGojushiho and Suparipai.
If you do not notice tenaho car approaching you will not be ready for the impact, even at a slow speed you will receive quite a shock to the body. To illustrate this relationship, Figures 1 and 2 show two of the crucial kaga sequences from Tensho.
So, enjoy Tensho kata and thank you very much for reading this article. Here the defender grabs an incoming strike asticks to the opponent and redirects the strike b. The transition from this position to the final strike position occurs gradually throughout the technique, just as a whip unravels during flight.
Push-hands corresponds kaata the application ofTensho kata and teaches sticking, sensing, following, redirecting, loading, and rebounding tensh. Even if we are fed well nutritionally, without a good digestion it will mean nothing. As what my sensei said, once you master the Tensho katayou basically master the entire hand tech of nahate. Just not TOO strong, you always have to remember to be relaxed, because the philosophy is that you will also have to be able to move and change position when required!
Grabbing at the wrist in the on-guard position In the next movement from the kata, shown in Figure 5 a-cthe right hand begins in the onguard position, turns over to grab with a hooking block band finally performs a knife hand block c. Sanchin structure is momentarily lost as the shoulder muscle group is opened allowing energy to flow from the center into the strike b. The roles are then reversed and the attacker redirects i.
Notice the position of the hand when preparing the palm-heel strike cjust like a whip being wound-up and flicked into the opponent. Many of the drills described in these articles are fensho with how incrementally to build techniques that transfer this energy into the powerful delivery of blocks, punches, and kicks Labbate Transferring Weight There are several common errors to be avoided in performing this drill.
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In addition, he conducts seminars on a broad variety of martial arts topics and develops advanced teaching videos. The partner feels no weight and the arm remains in position when released.