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The authors portray daily life based on eight factors, which include 1 shelter, 2 food, 3 clothing, 4 health and hygiene, 5 life expectancy, child labour, and names, 6 standards and measurements, 7 money, 8 transportation.

The author would include a few questions and assignments at the end of the chapter. Students often think that there is no connection between Lithuanian and world history. The narrative with vadovells few images, illustrations, and documents still remains the dominant feature in traditional history textbooks which focus on memorising information. Most of the time these assignments require students to find out about the historical events of their locality and their effects on people.

Therefore, authors started using the citations from the sources in the text to guide teachers to use the material in the correct sequence. In the textbook on the Middle Ages for the eighth grade there is a topic on the baroque and classical architecture of the 16th—18th century.

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It could also be mentioned that this study did not reveal the content and usability of the digital history textbook in great detail. One of them is a book for history teachers on how to teach istotijos history. In addition, to portray the linkage between world history and the history of Lithuania, the facts about the visits of famous people to Lithuania and their thoughts about Lithuania are used.

Secondly, more attention is being paid to daily life, which is presented in several ways. Therefore, authors were recommended to include more effective ways for students to acquire new skills and information by giving assignments which would be more understandable.


The tradition of separating the history of Lithuania from the rest of the world was popular vadovelix the independent Lithuania of —, as well as in Soviet Lithuania klzsei the period — Critics complained about the lack of primary and reliable sources; some sources were not compatible with the topic; not all sources had the authors listed; sometimes, the questions were too vague and did not match the content; moreover, some olasei were confusing and vadovells did not understand what the issue was6.

This makes history more relatable to different age groups. First of all, not all history textbooks were analysed. However, when the Turks retook the fort, they slaughtered everyone in it Vilniaus pedagoginis universitetas,p. The traditional textbook is still easier to use as digital books need students to have computer skills.

As a motivational tool, authors can simply ask students what they know about the topic. The latest CD was given the status of a history textbook.

Innovation in history textbooks means the application of new concepts and methods instead of traditional methods used in older history textbooks.

The prominent Lithuanian politician and member of the European Parliament Vytautas Landsbergis7 criticised some history iistorijos for being overloaded with old Soviet interpretations.

Istorijos Vadovelis Laikas 9 Klasei Pdf Download

1 These innovations and techniques are briefly presented and discussed below. Cultural, educational and societal history was only presented as a peripheral afterthought. Textbook for the Seventh Vadvelis the section The Achievements of Mesopotamia includes a short introduction to discussion questions such as: How to Analyse a Painting?

Consequently, more attention is paid to local history. However, some of them appeared to be very similar; therefore, only 20 textbooks were selected for further analysis. Vsdovelis end of every vavovelis has supplementary source materials. There are three concentric patterns. The present study focuses on older and newer textbooks for all grades, which are still in use. This trend is quite common in Briedis history textbooks for grades 5— In addition3, concluded that there was too much political history dominated by wars and suggested placing a greater emphasis on the periods of peace and the daily lives of people.


For instance, a textbook for the fifth grade includes a topic National Minorities in Lithuania from the Establishment of the State to the Present with an assignment to find out how many different nationalities currently live in their area and what their differences and similarities with Lithuanians are Moreover, today authors aim to portray the close relationship between the history of Lithuania and world history.

Teachers follow up by explaining the main ideas, objectives, and themes only after students share their knowledge. However, the authors of newer textbooks try to motive and encourage students to study history. As a result, studies focusing on these innovations do not exist; thus, the results of this study cannot be compared with other studies.

When and How Has History Evolved? In two new history textbooks were published: With the arrival of independence, new opportunities for collaboration with Western countries emerged. Furthermore, local history has found a place in textbook assignments. According to Lithuanian practices, questions and assignments should help a student review and understand vadovleis main points.

The example of a close relationship could be the history of Lithuania and Turkey.

Since the teaching curriculums have been structured in a way that 10 per cent of class time 7—8 lessons for fifth graders should be dedicated klsei local history Sincewhen Lithuania regained its independence, history textbooks with new innovative approaches and content have been published. To that end, the author examined 20 history textbooks and distinguished seven most prominent innovations. Istorija ir sovietinis propagandinis balastas. Textbooks from Briedis pay special attention to historical sources and their istorijs.

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